papilloma on the tongue

When papilloma is found on the tongue the patient seeks help from a dermatologist

Papilloma on the tongue is a dangerous manifestation of the activity of the virus and develops from epithelial cells. It can form not only on the surface of the tongue, but also on the mucous membrane in the oral cavity. Such neoplasms are painful, bleeding is often notedis carried out, their presence is associated with inflammation.

what is papilloma on the tongue

It is not difficult to detect the presence of growths on the surface of the tongue. This outgrowth is characterized by a rounded shape, protrudes above the mucous membrane and has a wide base.

Papilloma on the tongue is a dangerous manifestation of HPV. Symptoms: outgrowths on the tongue are round, up to 2 cm in size, similar to the nipple, soft in texture.

Diagnosis: differential diagnosis with oncological diseases of the tongue. Treatment: antiviral, immunocorrector, removal.

The size of the formation is from 2 mm to 2 cm Location: mainly on the back or sides of the tongue. In some cases - on its tip or under it. When the neoplasm is located near the root of the tongue, its identification is possible onlyWhen examined by a doctor or with extensive development.

Outside, the papilloma looks like a nipple, it is similar in color to the shade of the surrounding tissue, and soft in structure. Both single and multiple growths are formed on the surface of the tongue.

Often, the presence of papillomas in the tongue is not given due attention and a specialist is visited if the growth has become impressive in size or their number has increased significantly.

The papilloma itself does not cause pain or itching. But repeated bruising of the growth causes severe pain and bleeding. In addition, the growth interferes with the process of chewing, swallowing, talking and sometimes breathingdoes.

Papillomas on the tongue are often found in the practice of dentists and ENT doctors. Removal is usually performed by otorhinolaryngologists.

The radio wave method is used more often than others.

Stimulating Features:

  • laboratory indicationsvisibleNot immediately after infection. It will take about 3 months for the growth to be detected.
  • The virus may appear in people with lowImmunity.In this regard, experts recommend people with HPV to get tested for HIV.
  • In some cases, it is possible to recoveron one's own.During the recovery period, warts may disappear on their own.
  • To removeExternal symptoms do not lead to elimination from the viral agent. There is no specific etiological therapy, antiviral agents are used in the treatment. They are effective in the presence of herpesvirus, hepatitis and other infections.


Having identified a growth on the surface of the tongue or throat, it is necessary to establish what kind this condyloma belongs to. They are divided into 2 types:

  • reactive.Papillomas are the result of the adverse effects of various irritants. These are mainly mechanical, chemical, thermal or infectious lesions.
  • Neoplastic.Very rarely seen. Externally, they resemble simple multiple nodular growths. They are presented in groups or single papules.

Papillomas that appear on the surface of the tongue or throat in children and adults also distinguish 2 types.


These are growths under the tongue, which have a pale pink tint and a pointed shape. In some cases, they may enlarge.

Outwardly similar to cauliflower inflorescence. A similar neoplasm is formed on the leg. Small in size, but causes significant pain.

Sometimes there is discomfort in the process of swallowing. The pointed papilloma interferes, rubbing against the teeth and cheeks. The preferred place for this wart will be the area under the tongue.

You need to be extremely careful. Self-medication is prohibited. Treatment is allowed only under the supervision of a specialist.


They are characterized by clearly marked contours, protruding somewhat above the surface of the skin. They are located in the throat, on the tonsils, on the small tongue. They do not cause much pain. They are extremely difficult to detect.

Any examination should be carried out by a doctor in a hospital setting. Self-treatment can have consequences for human life and health. Therapy involves the use of various drugs. There is no need for surgical intervention.

When such growths appear in children, their difference will be excessive growth of the tissues of the mucous membrane of the little tongue.

location area

The growth selects those areas on the oral mucosa that are subject to regular injury. When the stroma is involved in ongoing inflammation, the outgrowth increases rapidly. This is due to the fact that the stroma is the base of the organs.

It is formed from connective tissue, which is saturated with blood and lymphatic vessels with many nerve endings. Such an environment is favorable for condyloma. It immediately begins to grow, turns into ulcers, bleeds and causes severe discomfort. causes.

Neoplasms located alone on the surface of the tongue require special attention. Similar symptoms are characteristic of women. The result is neuralgia.

Even if the warts are in a place where they are invisible, the sensations in the oral cavity cause significant discomfort.


Papillomas on the tongue are difficult to remain invisible. unpleasant sensations, burning, pain are concentrated on a certain point on the surface of the tongue.

The patient looks at the affected area and detects a light white growth resembling a purulent pimple. The main reason for the appearance of genital warts on the surface of the tongue is human infection with HPV.

It is influenced by several provoking factors:

  • less workimmunitysystem
  • Tobacco smoking.
  • overusealcohol.
  • WelcomeMedicines.
  • chaoticsensualone life.
  • PermanentColdDisease.
  • self-administration of oralContraception.


Before going to the doctor, a person should find out what worries him. It is necessary to identify the place of discomfort on the surface of the tongue. In children, it is shooting or aching pain, in adulthood it is a foreign bodyThere is a feeling or persistent discomfort in a certain place of the tongue.

More specifically, it is possible to establish papillomas on the following grounds:

  • development is locatedleg.
  • SurfaceWarts are mild.
  • ColourWarts are like the shadow of the tongue.
  • DimensionsRange from 2 mm to 2 cm.

The preferred place for growth is the lateral walls of the tongue. less often - under it or at the tip.

The neoplasm does not provoke severe pain, but discomfort or a feeling of a foreign body is present. Often there is more than one growth, with a thorough examination it is possible to identify a whole group of minor neoplasms.

A proper approach to one's own health will help to timely identify papillomas in the tongue.


The growth is immediately visible on the front surface of the tongue. It interferes with normal eating, conversation, bleeding, due to the fact that it is easy to hook and damage.

It provokes unpleasant pain sensations. When the condyloma is located in the oral cavity, for example, on the soft palate or on the back of the tongue, it is allowed to notice, incidentally, when examined by a patient specialist. Afterwards, the doctor will examine its composition.

The papilloma is soft in structure. And the shade is somewhat lighter than that of the mucosa. When it is in the oral cavity, it is rough.

A neoplasm in a child has differences: warts cover the tongue, cover the entire soft palate, and reach the tonsils. It is much easier to detect in children than in adults.

Special attention should be given when examining people in old age: they often develop a cancerous tumor that resembles a condyloma. Only at the base of the tissue from which the cancer has developed, does a clear seal.


A neoplasm is treated under the tongue or in the oral cavity under the supervision of a dermatologist. After a thorough and comprehensive study, he must prescribe medications. In some cases, warts can be removed surgically.

medical therapy

Pharmacological treatment involves adhering to the following prescriptions:

  • applicationLocalTherapy with an oil solution of vitamin A in the absence of indications for surgical removal of the growth.
  • Useinterferon, Those that reduce the amount of viral DNA in the focus of pathology.
  • Simultaneous applicationimmune stimulantAntiviral drugs.

At the moment, there is no effective remedy that can help to get rid of HPV completely. Consent from a specialist should be taken for the use of any medicine.

antiviral treatment

Antiviral therapy involves the use of drugs to eliminate the development of HPV. Vitamin complexes are prescribed, they contribute to the activation of the body's defenses. Experts recommend a balanced diet and an active lifestyle.

According to statistics, patients with papillomas have a weakened immune system. People with high immunity are carriers of HPV, but at the same time they do not have any manifestations on the skin.

The specialist prescribes a complex of immunomodulating agents, vitamins and restorative drugs. It should be remembered: immunity cannot be increased in a day through pills. The drugs are aimed at maintaining a weakened body during a critical period.


HPV is one of the few strains of the virus against which a vaccine has been developed. It contains organic material similar in structure to the living HPV virus. Immunity against real pathogens is fully developed.

Before vaccination, it is necessary to exclude:

  • pregnancy.Get tested or get a blood test done.
  • serious useMedicalmoney.
  • OtherVaccination.
  • seriousDiseaseblood.

Vaccination is carried out intramuscularly. Dangerous side effects are observed very rarely.


The method by which the papilloma will be removed should be selected by the treating specialist. It depends on the location, the characteristics of the organism. There are the following ways to eliminate the neoplasm:

  • SurgeryExcision with a surgical scalpel. After the procedure, "cauterization" is performed. A similar technique is used in the presence of single growths or when they are inaccessible and it is impossible to use other methods.
  • laserRemoval. The most effective, painless method with no adverse effects. The downside is the high cost of the procedure.
  • Electrocoagulation.This method involves cauterization of growths with currants. The disadvantages include traumatic manipulation and a long rehabilitation period.
  • radio waveSurgery. The technique is similar to the previous one, but instead of the current one, high-frequency radio waves act on the papilloma. The pain is insignificant, the minimum number of adverse effects and a short rehabilitation period.
  • Cryodestruction.The most unpopular surgical method of eliminating papillomas on the tongue. The neoplasm is removed by the effect of cold on it. The wart freezes at the temperature of liquid nitrogen. Growth will stop and die within a week.

If the technique involves excision of the wart, the biomaterial is sent for histological diagnosis to analyze the structure of the growth.

to risk

When papillomas occur on the tongue, the patient experiences some discomfort. Therefore, when eating, the growth can easily stop. In addition, the formations appear during conversation and contribute to a change in speech.

Canine type formations provide not only physical, but also psychological discomfort. Against the background of such a condition, a person may experience embarrassment when visiting a dentist, ENT. Complex also when communicating with other peopleappear to.

A serious danger is the localization of growths inside the oral cavity, as they can provoke the penetration of a second infection, resulting in an increased risk of blood poisoning. All this often leads to oncological diseases, which often ends in death.


It is not difficult to take measures to prevent this pathology. minimize the likelihood of HPV infection:

  • Avoid the accidental and unsafereproductioncontact, use contraception;
  • use personal itemsCleanliness;
  • DoingVaccinationFrom HPV to young children and women.

When the infection has already occurred, it is necessary to prevent the activation of the viral agent due to weakened immunity:

  • use the premisesvitamins;
  • get rid of badhabits;
  • Avoidstressfulsituations and stress.

HPV infection should not be neglected and its manifestations should not be left without proper treatment from a qualified doctor.

Papilloma on the tongue is a dangerous formation that requires a mandatory visit to a highly qualified doctor. The main task of the patient will be to timely detect the growth and seek the help of a specialist.